Georgia was designed by Matthew Carter for Microsoft back in 1993. It was made to be legible when printed at small sizes or on a low-res screen (like the kind used in the early 1990s). It’s a transitional serif, so it’s a bit like Caslon (and Times), but with a larger x-height, more open forms, and more obvious features. Again, it was made for low-res screens, so the bold is especially bold.
Georgia is a good multi-tool font that you can use for longer documents and academic titles.